Play Field– The surface of the table on which the game is played.
Cabinet – Main body of a billiard table. May be provided from manufacturer either assembled
(Uni-body construction) or in individual components (Knocked Down, or KD construction).
Cushion – The cloth-covered rubber which borders the inside of the rails on carom and pocket
billiard tables; together the cushions form the outer perimeter of the basic playing surface.
Top Rails – The top surface of the table, not covered by cloth, from which the cushions protrude
toward the playing surface. The head and foot rails are the short rails on those ends of the table:
the right and left rails are the long rails, dictated by standing at the head of the table and facing the
Blinds– Vertical piece of wood coming down from the rail to “hide” where the slate attaches to
the rail and the cabinet. Also called an apron.
Slate – Higher quality billiard tables always have slate as the basis for the playing surface. Slate is chosen because of its ability to maintain a flat consistent playing surface.
Materials and Construction
With all of the above mentioned parts and materials, there are different grades or qualities available for use. For example, slate is available ,in various thickness such as 3/4″ or 1″ slate.
Another example is the wood used in the cabinet. Some cabinets are made from “manufactured wood” such as particle board. Others use a veneer over manufactured or solid wood. Traditional tables are made from fine solid hard woods.